We conclude that our experimental protocol allows selection on sperm cohorts within an ejaculate that differ in fertilization success and longevity. In this time, fibrinogen from the seminal vesicles forms a clot, securing and protecting the sperm. They swim faster and their tail movements become more forceful and erratic. Recent Prog Horm Res These trains provide improved motility in the female reproductive tract and are a means by which fertilization is promoted. For the actual sperm tracking, we used the software Image J Fiji and R. In zebrafish, pairs spawn in bouts initiated by the male; females release several 5—20 eggs during each bout until the female has run out of eggs or the male stops courting
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We monitored offspring fitness by assessing differences in cell apoptosis during early developmental stages, embryo survival, sperm swimming velocity, sperm density, and reproductive success. Det här var tidigare en utvald bild på engelska Wikipedia Featured pictures och ansågs vara en av de bästa bilderna. Zebrafish gametes activate upon contact with water, and IVF allows precise control over the activation and fertilization of gametes as well as gamete numbers. PNAS published ahead of print July 11, https: Sperm hyperactivity is necessary for breaking through two physical barriers that protect the egg from fertilization.